Basic Forklift Principals

Basic Forklift Principals

Understanding the stability of a powered industrial truck will be easier once you understand a few basic principles. The forklift’s wheelbase is the distance between the center line of the vehicle’s front and rear wheels. The track is the distance between wheels on the same axle of the truck. The height, as well as the location of the counterweight and the loads distribution.

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These all affect how the forklift will handle the weight of the load on the forks with the weight of the engine and heavy metal plates called the counterbalance on the rear of the truck. Think of a forklift as a Seesaw with the front wheels as the balance point or fulcrum, as long as the force of the weight and height of the load remain less than the force of the weight of the counterbalance in the rear of the truck, the forklift will not tip forward. Receiving area layout.

The force of moving, turning, and the load’s height and balance on the forks can easily tip the truck from side to side. Tip overs are the most serious and largest percentage of all forklift accidents.

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An imaginary triangle is formed on the three-point suspension of the forklift. This triangle is called the stability triangle. It is formed from the front drive tires and the pivot pin on their rear axle. The pivot pin steers of the truck and helps the rear wheels move up and down over uneven surfaces. This helps to keep the forklift from turning over.

The balance point between the center of gravity of the truck and the center of gravity of the load needs to stay inside the stability triangle. The height, the weight, and the length of the load all contribute to the stability of the forklift. If your load isn’t properly balanced on the forks, or if you turn too fast, this combined center of gravity may move outside the stability triangle and your truck could overturn.

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Our customers are at the center of everything we do. HCO knows that many of you are navigating unprecedented challenges and we’re here to help.

The current economic environment has created stress on many of the core industries that this country relies on to thrive.
- Corporate liquidity is at a premium and the management of your balance sheet is critical.
- Bank and vendor leasing for equipment is tightening as corporate credit ratings are in flux and lenders are focused on securing their own capital.

HCO is leading through this disruption with customized forklift fleet programs that allow companies to 1) replace fleet assets and 2) service those assets without relying on banks or vendors for leasing. Our managed service programs allow companies to secure assets and service programs with no upfront capital, and no end of term lease obligations. We are reinventing the way companies access equipment and service. Please reach out to discuss whether this would be valuable to your company.

As we execute our business continuity plan, we will rely on the guidance from the Center for Disease Control, federal, state, and local governments to guide our decisions to keep our employees and our customers’ employees safe. We are committed to continuing to provide clients with our valuable services.

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